Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is set to become a viable and widely used alternative to conventional marine fuels but what potential problems could there be and how they can be addressed?
Industry expert Nigel Draffin answers the questions about LNG bunker fuel in his book An Introduction to LNG Bunkering published by Petrospot.
And to accompany the book, a special one-day course ‘Using LNG as a Fuel for Shipping’ is being run in London on Thursday 23rd January with Draffin as Course Director.
As port authorities and ship owners work together on the creation of bunkering infrastructures, and stringent environmental regulations limit the use of high sulphur fuels, there is a clear global impetus for making the switch to LNG.
In his book Draffin looks at the properties of methane, gas only and dual fuel engines, tank design, fuel and safety systems as well as onboard and onshore storage and safety issues. Potential problem areas in the use of LNG such as weathering, sloshing and methane slip, are sensibly and clearly analysed.
He also takes a close and informed look at bunkering procedures, including delivery methods, transfer equipment, connections, and loading operations and also reviews the ongoing work of maritime organisations, such as the International Maritime Organization , in codifying LNG bunkering operations.
Most importantly, as the price of conventional marine fuels remains at high levels, he addresses the complex issue of pricing LNG as a bunker fuel.
An introduction to LNG Bunkering is now also available with 10% discount and also as an eBOOk from the Kindle Store.
For more information on the book and the course visit www.petrospot.com