Det Norske Veritas (DNV) has launched a new ‘survival kit’ in response to the International Marine Organization’s regulations for Emission Control Areas (ECAs). From 2015, the fuel sulphur content of ships operating in ECAs cannot exceed 0.1% or exhaust gas must be purified to an equivalent level through the use of scrubbers. In addition, from 2016 NOx emissions from newbuilds must be reduced by approximately 75%.
The survival kit is designed so that shipowners will be well prepared for the legislation whilst realising economic and environmental benefits. The initiative was launched at a special press conference on board the Hurtgruten’s Richard With (1993); a 11,205 tonne passenger vessel operating in Geiranger Fjord on the West Coast of Norway.
Arnstein Eknes, segment director of special ships emphasised the importance of Norway’s fjords as unspoiled travel destinations. He said that ECAs will benefit Norway’s communities within fjords and beyond by helping to improve “the economy, health and well being” through emission reductions. However, Mr Eknes also recognised the need for shipping companies to receive quality guidance in realising their path to compliance with ECAs.
The survival kit scheme is comprised of four phases:
1. Opportunity and risk identification
2. Strategy and planning
4. Validation and documentation
Henning Mohn, principal consultant of environmental measures and technology described the survival kit as “a traditional advisory” approach, which will ask shipowners questions such as: “where does your business stand today?”, “how seriously do you think the regulations will affect your business?” and “what kind of ships will be affected?”.
He also discussed the need for quality crew training in cleaner technologies as “every time you put a new, sophisticated system onboard a ship you need to train people and must ensure that it is being operated correctly”. Regarding the validation and documentation stage, he added: “there will be a lot of questions regarding whether or not systems are working and if those who operate them know what they’re doing.”
Mr Mohn explained that long term performance and thorough planning will be prerequisites of any successful ECA solution.
He was enthusiastic about LNG technology as playing an integral role in the strategy towards the ‘challenge’ of ECAs.
He said: “We need to find inexpensive, optimum solutions for ships to deal with these regulations. Companies should start planning now, keep well informed and make a strategy for each different segment of their business.”