ABS Issues AIP for Hanwha Ocean’s industry-first, zero-carbon gas carrier


ABS has issued an approval in principle (AIP) to Hanwha Ocean for its design of a liquified natural gas (LNG) carrier equipped with an ammonia-fuelled gas turbine.

ABS also issued an AIP to Hanwha Power Systems for its supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) power system at last week’s Gastech event in Singapore. Efficiency improvements are reported as a result of using sCO2 as a working fluid in the turbine.

The 174,000 cbm LNG vessel would be the world’s first carbon emission free LNG carrier. The LNG carrier can use ammonia and natural gas separately or simultaneously as fuel. If only ammonia is used as fuel, no carbon gas is emitted.

The design, which is smaller than a diesel engine, also incorporates Hanwha Power Systems’ exhaust gas waste heat recovery system (sCO2 Power System). Hanwha Ocean also says the system meets the nitrogen oxide (NOx) requirement without selective catalytic reduction (SCR) regardless of fuel and has significantly reduced methane slip.

“With a global focus on decarbonisation, this vessel design represents a big step forward in the shipping industry’s ambitions for zero-carbon cargo transport,” said Panos Koutsourakis, ABS Vice President, Global Sustainability. “ABS is proud to be able to support it and use our deep decarbonization expertise to advance a more sustainable industry.”

A spokesperson from Hanwha Ocean said: “Carbon neutrality is a ‘challenge to be overcome’ and an ‘opportunity to leap’ for shipyards. With this AIP, we will lead the competition for carbon-free ships.”

Separately, ABS has joined a pioneering joint industry project (JIP) to collaborate on the development of a detailed design of a 40K cbm liquified carbon dioxide (LCO2) carrier that meets Class and statutory requirements with Ecolog Services Ltd. (ECOLOG), Hanwha Ocean Co., Ltd. and Babcock International Liquid Gas Equipment (LGE).

The classification society also awarded AIPs at Gastech to HD Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) and HD Korea Shipbuilding & Offshore Engineering (KSOE) for two new solutions that support autonomous navigation and address a more sustainable maritime industry, as well as to HD Korea Shipbuilding & Offshore Engineering (KSOE) and HD Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) for an ammonia reductant supply system for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) in ammonia-fuelled ships.